Achilles tendinitis develops when the Achilles tendon—the largest tendon in the body, located at the back of the ankle—becomes irritated. The primary reason this occurs is overuse, but there are other causes too. Click below to learn the other causes of this condition, how foot and ankle specialists can treat it, and the amount of time it typically takes to recover from Achilles tendinitis.
Achilles tendinosis develops when the Achilles tendon degenerates and becomes inflamed. Unlike Achilles tendinitis, which is the irritation of the tendon, with Achilles tendinosis, the tendon itself is damaged and becomes hard and thick. Sometimes, physical therapy is recommended, as certain exercises can help stretch and strengthen the tendon. Click below to find out more about Achilles tendinosis, including ways to avoid having it return.
There are three different bones in the ankle that can break, or fracture. One is the fibula, which is the bony knob you can see and feel on the outside of your ankle. Another is the tibia, the largest of the bones in your lower leg. The third is the talus, which is a small, wedge-shaped bone located between your heel bone and tibia and fibula. Click the button below to learn more about how foot and ankle specialists treat broken ankles and what typically happens during recovery.
When the ligaments—the tough bands of tissue that connect one bone to another—tear in the ankle, it is called an ankle sprain. The most common ankle sprain occurs on the lateral (outside) part of the ankle. Most ankle sprains do not require surgery, even if they are severe. However, proper diagnosis and treatment are important. Click below to find out more about who is at risk for ankle sprains, how they’re diagnosed, and more.
Arthritis of the Foot and Ankle
Arthritis is a general term used to describe different types of joint diseases that causes inflammation, pain, and stiffness. Although arthritis can affect any joint, the foot and ankle are often impacted. If you believe you may have arthritis in your feet or ankles, don’t wait to be diagnosed, since a doctor can offer treatments to help manage the pain and reduce further damage to your joints. Click the button below to find out more about how doctors help patients with arthritis of the foot and ankle.
Chronic Lateral Ankle Pain
When pain is felt on the outside of the ankle and is ongoing or recurs, it is called chronic lateral ankle pain. It often develops after an injury, such as a fracture or sprain, especially if the injury isn’t healing properly. To treat chronic lateral ankle pain, a doctor must first understand the underlying issue causing the pain. Click below to find out how doctors diagnose and treat this condition.
High Ankle Sprain
When the ligaments that connect the tibia and fibula are torn or injured, it is called a high ankle sprain. The sprain is called “high” because this area is located above the ankle. The injury usually occurs when a person rotates or twists his or her ankle forcefully. In order to heal correctly, the tibia and fibula must be positioned properly, so it’s important to be treated by a skilled foot and ankle specialist. To find out more about high ankle sprains and how they’re diagnosed and treated, click below.
Insertional Achilles Tendinitis
When the Achilles tendon degenerates to the point of the tendon attaching to the heel bone, it is known as insertional Achilles tendinitis. This causes pain and swelling at the back of the heel that usually comes on gradually. An imaging test, such as an X-ray or MRI, is often needed to diagnose this condition. Click the button below to find out more about treatment options, what recovery is like, and more.
When the talus bone in the ankle is injured, sometimes the cartilage overlying it can become torn or damaged too. When this happens, it is called an osteochondral lesion of the talus, or an OLT. A single traumatic accident can cause an OLT, but it can also develop over time. Click below for more information about the condition, such as the types of nonsurgical and minimally invasive arthroscopic procedures used to treat it.
When the tendon on the outside of the ankle behind the fibula becomes damaged and thickens, the condition is called peroneal tendinosis. Often, it develops after a person has begun using their ankle significantly more than they used to—for instance, if they decide to train for a marathon. However, there are other causes of peroneal tendinosis, such as wearing improper footwear. Find out more about how foot and ankle specialists diagnose and treat this condition by clicking the button below.