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Athlete's Foot

Athlete’s foot is a type of ringworm. It usually appears as a rash between the toes, is scaly, and causes the skin to peel. Often, something as simple as changing into clean, dry socks can help you avoid or cure the condition. Click the button below to find out other ways to avoid athlete’s foot as well as how doctors can treat it nonsurgically.


If the primary joint in your big toe misaligns and presses against your other toes, it can cause a painful hump, called a bunion, to develop. A common cause is wearing high heels or shoes that are too tight and narrow; although, arthritis is another common cause. Find out more about bunions, including how they can be treated without surgery.

Corns and Calluses

Corns are areas of thick, deadened skin that develop on the toes where a bone presses against a surface, like a shoe. This causes the skin to thicken, and as it does, it irritates the tissues. Calluses, on the other hand, do not hurt, but they are simply layers of skin that form because of friction. Click below to learn about the ways to avoid corns and calluses, how you can treat them at home, and more.

Hallux Rigidus

Hallux is the Latin word for “big toe,” while rigidus is Latin for “stiff.” This form of arthritis develops at the base of the big toe and is a common type of foot arthritis. Although experts don’t know why it occurs, foot and ankle specialists know how to expertly diagnose and treat it. Click below to find out how hallux rigidus is treated nonsurgically as well as the types of surgical procedures available.

Ingrown Toenail

If a toenail is cut too short and then grows into the skin surrounding it, causing pain, soreness, swelling, or redness, it is an ingrown toenail. Although this can happen to any toe, it happens most frequently to the big toe. To learn how ingrown toenails can be prevented, treated at home, and more, click the button below.

Morton's Neuroma

When tissue thickens around a nerve and grows in the ball of the foot, usually between the third and fourth toes, it is called Morton’s neuroma. Although the feeling is sometimes described as “walking on a marble,” normally, there are no visible lumps. Click the button below to find out more about the condition, including the nonsurgical methods that are typically used to treat it.

Plantar Warts

Plantar warts are small growths caused by the HPV virus that usually develop on weight-bearing areas of the feet, like the big toes or heels. Although plantar warts may eventually disappear by themselves, you should seek treatment if they are painful. Click below to learn more, including how to tell the difference between a callus and a plantar wart.

Sesamoid Injuries

When a bone is not connected to any other bone, but instead, just to tendons or embedded in muscle, they are called sesamoids. The foot includes two small sesamoids, near the big toe. These sesamoids can be fractured, dislocated, sprained, overused, and damaged in other ways. Click the button to learn more and find out how sesamoid injuries are treated by foot and ankle experts.

Toe and Forefoot Fractures

When a toe or bone in the forefoot breaks, it is also called a toe or forefoot fracture. Often, these injuries do not require surgery. However, if the big toe has sustained a serious trauma, surgery may be considered. Find out more about how toe and forefoot fractures are diagnosed and treated by clicking the button below.

Toenail Fungus

Toenail fungus is an infection that occurs under the nail’s surface and can affect the nail as well as the tissue around it. A typical sign of toenail fungus is a thick, yellowed nail. It can be painful, spread to other nails, and can be hard to get rid of. Click the button below to learn more, including effective treatments.