-A +A

A World of Advice for The Diabetic Foot

The American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) offers resources regarding diabetic feet in 20 different languages, such as Spanish, Hindi, French, and more. Click on the button below to access valuable information on caring for diabetic feet, such as how to choose the best shoes, proper at-home care, and more.

Achilles Tendinitis

Achilles tendinitis develops when the Achilles tendon—the largest tendon in the body, located at the back of the ankle—becomes irritated. The primary reason this occurs is overuse, but there are other causes too. Click below to learn the other causes of this condition, how foot and ankle specialists can treat it, and the amount of time it typically takes to recover from Achilles tendinitis.

Achilles Tendinosis

Achilles tendinosis develops when the Achilles tendon degenerates and becomes inflamed. Unlike Achilles tendinitis, which is the irritation of the tendon, with Achilles tendinosis, the tendon itself is damaged and becomes hard and thick. Sometimes, physical therapy is recommended, as certain exercises can help stretch and strengthen the tendon. Click below to find out more about Achilles tendinosis, including ways to avoid having it return.

Acquired Adult Flatfoot Deformity

Acquired adult flatfoot deformity (AAFD) is a condition that causes the arch of the foot to gradually flatten. There are many factors that can cause it, from damage to nerves, tendons, or ligaments to bone fractures. Click the button below to find out how the condition progresses and how foot and ankle specialists treat it.

Ankle Fracture

There are three different bones in the ankle that can break, or fracture. One is the fibula, which is the bony knob you can see and feel on the outside of your ankle. Another is the tibia, the largest of the bones in your lower leg. The third is the talus, which is a small, wedge-shaped bone located between your heel bone and tibia and fibula. Click the button below to learn more about how foot and ankle specialists treat broken ankles and what typically happens during recovery.

Ankle Sprain

When the ligaments—the tough bands of tissue that connect one bone to another—tear in the ankle, it is called an ankle sprain. The most common ankle sprain occurs on the lateral (outside) part of the ankle. Most ankle sprains do not require surgery, even if they are severe. However, proper diagnosis and treatment are important. Click below to find out more about who is at risk for ankle sprains, how they’re diagnosed, and more.

Arthritis of the Foot and Ankle

Arthritis is a general term used to describe different types of joint diseases that causes inflammation, pain, and stiffness. Although arthritis can affect any joint, the foot and ankle are often impacted. If you believe you may have arthritis in your feet or ankles, don’t wait to be diagnosed, since a doctor can offer treatments to help manage the pain and reduce further damage to your joints. Click the button below to find out more about how doctors help patients with arthritis of the foot and ankle.

Athlete's Foot

Athlete’s foot is a type of ringworm. It usually appears as a rash between the toes, is scaly, and causes the skin to peel. Often, something as simple as changing into clean, dry socks can help you avoid or cure the condition. Click the button below to find out other ways to avoid athlete’s foot as well as how doctors can treat it nonsurgically.


If the primary joint in your big toe misaligns and presses against your other toes, it can cause a painful hump, called a bunion, to develop. A common cause is wearing high heels or shoes that are too tight and narrow; although, arthritis is another common cause. Find out more about bunions, including how they can be treated without surgery.

Charcot Arthropathy

Charcot arthropathy is a disease that affects the bones and tissues in the feet, causing joint dislocations and fractures. It comes on gradually and can cause deformity and disability. To learn more about Charcot arthropathy (also called Charcot foot and ankle) and how doctors diagnose and treat it, click the button below.