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Below-Knee Amputation

When a patient has had a severe injury or a serious infection, a below-knee amputation (BKA) may be recommended. After amputation, most patients are fitted with an artificial leg, or prosthesis, which allows them to walk and continue with their daily activities. Click the button below for answers to questions about BKA, including more about what to expect after the procedure.

Bone Marrow Aspiration

Bone marrow aspiration is a minimally invasive procedure doctors use to remove fluid from bone marrow. This fluid contains stem cells that can be used to treat conditions such as tendonitis or osteoarthritis. After the bone fluid is collected, it is prepared into a concentrate, then injected into the problem area. Click the button below to learn more about the procedure and who can benefit from it.


Brisement is a procedure used to break up scar tissue by injecting saline or saline with an anesthetic into a foot or ankle tendon, often the Achilles tendon. This process stimulates healing and is usually used after other treatments have already been offered. Click the button below for answers to questions about the procedure.

CROW - Charcot Restraint Orthotic Walker

A Charcot Restraint Orthotic Walker (CROW) is a sturdy, custom-made boot for patients who have a condition called Charcot arthropathy or neuropathy. It helps reduce pressure on the foot so that any foot damage, such as foot ulcers, can heal. Click the button below to learn more about how a CROW is used, when it is okay to remove it, and more.

Distraction Arthroplasty

Distraction arthroplasty is a procedure that pulls a damaged joint apart slightly, so there is less stress on it, then holds it in place using an external frame. It is sometimes used for people who have ankle arthritis and can help reduce pain and improve function of the ankle. Click the button below to learn more about the procedure and recovery process.

Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy

Extracorporeal shock wave therapy is a noninvasive treatment where a small probe is applied to the skin in a problem area, then an electric charge is administered. This process helps induce healing and can be helpful for chronic degenerative conditions, like Achilles tendinitis. Click the button below for information on who benefits most from the procedure and more details about what to expect with extracorporeal shock wave therapy.

Ganglion Resection

A ganglion is a fluid-filled, noncancerous cyst that is common in the foot and ankle and often develops on joints, tendons, and ligaments. They are typically treated nonsurgically; however, if they are problematic, they can be removed. This removal procedure is called a ganglion resection. Click the button below to find out more about the procedure as well as other nonsurgical treatments used to treat ganglions, like aspiration.

Gastrocnemius Release (Strayer Procedure)

Gastrocnemius release is used for people who have a condition that causes their ankles to point downward, known as gastrocnemius equinus contracture. The Strayer procedure is used to help these patients by lengthening their calf muscle. To learn more about the procedure, including how it is performed, click the button below.

Hardware Used in Surgery

If you are having foot or ankle replacement surgery or another procedure that requires implants, you may wonder about the hardware that will be used in your procedure. Today, there are a variety of materials and hardware options surgeons can use. For answers to important questions about the types of hardware used in surgery, click the button below.

Joint Injections

A joint injection can do two things: reduce pain and improve the function of a joint. Two of the most common joint injections used for foot and ankle issues such as arthritis are steroid (cortisone) injections and hyaluronic acid injections. Click the button below for questions and answers about joint injections.